Brown Recluse Spider Venom – Know All About the Venom


Brown Recluse Spider has poisonous bite. A bite from Brown Recluse Spider can cause serious symptoms and in severe cases, it can lead to coma or death. In few cases, Brown Recluse Spiders is more poisonous than the rattlesnake but it causes fewer diseases than the rattlesnake. Brown Recluse Spider injects an enzyme during its bite into the body of the person and this enzyme is known as Brown Recluse Spider Venom. We have gather a lot of information about this venom.

Brown Recluse Spider Venom

What is Brown Recluse Spider Venom?

The venom from the Brown Recluse Spider bite is usually poisonous for the cells and tissues of the skin. It is also known as the collection of different enzymes. These enzymes cause the destruction of the cells and tissues of the skin by entering in the victim’s body. The spider’s venom raises the level of nitric oxide in the blood. Nitric oxide is a chemical which increases the blood flow. The unpredictable skin reactions can occur due to the venom injected from a spider bite. Strange rashes may also appear on the skin.

Brown Recluse Spider Venom

What Venom does to blood?

Venom also interrupts in the processing of the immune system of the victim. The Immune system of the body plays an important role to fight against the diseases. It releases the inflammatory agents-histamines, cytokines, and interleukins which have some special white blood cells used to fight against the diseases at the injury area. The venom of the Brown Recluse Spider bite can affect these cells. Blood disorder can occur in the body due to the bite of Brown Recluse Spider.

The venom of Brown Recluse Spider bite can cause the red blood cells to burst. These red blood cells will release their content in the form of plasma. This process is called hemolysis. The victim can also face the anemia due to the process of the burst of cells. These blood issues can also cause some other symptoms like acute kidney injury and jaundice. These diseases occur due to the breakdown of blood protein which is known as hemoglobin. The waste product of the breakdown can cause issues for the urine. It will turn the urine into the black.

According to Matt Cordes, a UA associate professor in the Department of Chemistry and biochemistry, the Venom of Brown Recluse Spider can cause systemic reactions which can be fatal. If it goes systemic than the Venom can cause the destruction of the red blood cells and many other effects. These effects can also lead to the Kidney failure and renal failure.

Sweating due to Venom

Sweating is another symptom which has been faced by a lot of victims. This issue is also due to the venom of the Brown Recluse Spider bite. There are a lot of patients who have been found to sweat a lot after getting bitten by the Brown Recluse Spider. The venom of the Brown Recluse Spider attacks the nerves and blocks their signal to the muscles. Due to this attack, muscles contracts repeatedly and it can be stressful and painful for the body.

Medication for Venom:

There is no authentic antibiotic available for the cure of Venom. It can only be cured by curing the other symptoms of the bite separately. There is no commercial anti-venom available in the market. There is only one horse-derived anti-venom available. It is available in Argentina, Brazil, Peru, and Mexico. But it is especially for the cutaneous hemolytic manifestations and cutaneous loxoscelism. Doctors care currently using the Tetanus prophylaxis, analgesics and antipruritics. These antibiotics can be helpful in treatment to some extent. These are considered as the reserved antibiotics for the true infection of the spider bite. Some doctors recommend antihistamines and the observation alone for the treatment Venom Antihistamines, steroids and Td vaccine can help in overcoming the symptoms of the Venom. There are some treatments available with improper and controversial research. That’s why those treatments are not recommended.

Treatment of Venom:

There is no proper treatment for the Venom-like there is no anti-venom available. But there is some recommendation which can be helpful in curing the Venom. Home remedies can also be useful in curing the bite. These are the few methods which can be helpful in minimizing the effect of bite or to cure the bite:

  • Wash the bite location with soap and warm water
  • Apply the ice on the wound at regular intervals of time. It will help in reducing the swelling.
  • Elevate the bite area as much as possible
  • Compress the wound with the bandage. It will reduce the pain and swelling.
  • Some other antibiotics can be used to overcome the pain or other symptoms like itching etc.

Venom will not react quickly. Initially, the victim will not be able to judge that he/she has been bitten by the spider. After some time, Venom will start showing its effects and the victim will feel the symptoms which are stated above. Initially, the bite location will become mildly red and it can show the fang marks if you will see it more closely. Most of the times, the bite location will become firm and it will heal naturally after few days. But it can also turn into the severe wound with fever, itching, sweating and other symptoms. That’s why it is mandatory to use some home remedies or consult to a doctor to get rid of the effects of the Brown Recluse Spider Venom as soon as possible.



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